It existed at the north side of St. Iskhyrun church dated to the fourth century. Where it was assumed that St. Moses the black was baptized. It is no longer in use and is replaced by a new one.
It is located on the west side of St. Bishoy church, and is dated to the fourth century. It is separated from the church with an ancient alley of two meters wide.
It includes many archaeological items, in addition to several ancient icons.
The tradition of the monks were to meet at the ancient refectory after Sunday Mass to share food, they used to sit on the ground according to their monastic ordination, whereas the abbot sat on the head of the table and read some scriptures from the Holy Bible.
The ancient refectory is no longer used and is replaced with another new one.
It is dated to the fourth century, it consists of a huge stone with a big wooden axes that were turned by animals. It has two rooms on the north side , one for storing wheat and the other for storing flour. This mill is no longer used.
Well of Martyrs:
It is the authentic true well from St. Bishoy era, where the Berbers washed their swords from the blood of the martyrs after they had killed them at St. Macarius Monastery on the third attack in 444 AD, they were the elders of Scetis, forty nine martyr.
The depth of the well is 12 meters deep, and the well is not in use though the monks dug other wells.
Cemetery of Monks:
It is the place where all the monks are buried after their death, it is located on the west side from St. George church, and is dated to the ninth century.
H.H. Pope Shenouda III built a new one in 1986 AD near the ancient cemetery.
It is dated to the fifth century 474 AD, and is located at the right side from the main entrance, its area is 20x20m2 and its height is 25m Emperor Zeno built it.
The fortress is square and the thickness of its wall is 2m wide and it consists of three storeys:
First storey: include a well 18m deep, rooms for monks, and a storage for storing seeds.
Second Storey: It has Virgin Mary Church and stove and library.
Third storey: has Archangel Michael church, Ibrahim el- gohary had restored it this church, where as the sanctuary veil is dated to 1783 AD
The Idea of the fortress
A monk used to stand above the upper part of the fortress to watch the arrival of the Berbers from afar, as soon as he saw them, he starts to ring the bell and the monks gather and enter the fortress through a bridge that ends with a hook.
Then the monk pulls the bridge up by a rope intalled to a pulley and closes the fortress. The monks stay inside until the Berbers leave.
They are dated to the ninth century, where they are attached to the ancient wall. They are not used any longer and have been replaced by new ones.
Ancient Wall of the Monastery:
It is dated to the ninth century and was built by the monks. Its width is 2m wide and its length is 15 m long and it is built of flint stone.