Pope Theophilus: Patriarch of Alexandria 385 – 412 AD.
He was a student of Pope Athanasius the Apostolic. He was raised by him and learned spiritual literature from him.
When Pope Timothy departed, this father was appointed in his place. He was a distinguished scholar and memorizer of the church’s books and familiar with their interpretations…so he composed many spiritually useful statements and sayings.
He completed his struggle after taking good care of the people of Christ and departed in peace.
The church celebrates him on the 18th of Babah, October 15th. His time was famous for building many churches, triumphing over paganism, and resisting the thought of the Alexandrian scholar Origin.
The manuscript text is preserved in Coptic, Arabic, Syriac and Ethiopic languages. The text narrates that Emperor Theodosius the Great 347-395, a believing Christian emperor, stood on the side of Christianity against paganism, which was declining at the time.
Pope Theophilus encouraged the conversion of abandoned pagan temples into churches. The Saint Patriarch left Alexandria for the far south of Egypt in obedience to the Emperor’s orders, and on his way back he stopped at the Monastery of the Virgin Mary, known as Muharraq today, in the Qasqam area in Assiut.
On the night of his stay in the monastery, Patriarch Theophilus saw a vision, in which the Virgin Mary appeared to him and narrated to him the details of her journey to Egypt, the duration of which was set at three years, five months, and three days.
The Holy Family’s last stop in Egypt before returning to Bethlehem was the Muharraq Monastery.
Pope Theophilus focuses on and explains in detail the following stations of the Holy Family in Egypt:
– He mentions many of the geographical directions of Egypt that the Holy Family stopped at.
– The character of Salome, who accompanied the Holy Family to Egypt.
The two thieves who were crucified next to the Lord of Glory met them first in Egypt.
The idols of Ashmunin fell when Christ passed in front of them.
– The tree that bowed to the person of Christ.
– The Virgin Mary set the first celebration of the Eucharist at the Muharraq Monastery on Hatur 6, November 2, and it was held by Christ himself.
We received the memer in two versions, the first a long one and the other a short one.
The long version reads in 21 beats.
The long version reads in 6 Hator.
1- The first page of the Vatican manuscript, Arabic No. 57, was copied in the fourteenth century.
2- A bulletin of the Syriac text prepared by the scholar Michelangelo Guidi, published in 1920.
3- Bulletin of the Ethiopian version of the voyage, by the scholar Conte Rossini, 1921.
4 – The Virgin Mary holds the child Jesus, and around her are the archangels Michael and Gabriel, as she appears in an Ethiopian manuscript recording the journey to Egypt.
5- Paris Manuscript 131.8, which includes the old Coptic version of the Holy Family’s Journey.
It focuses on places: